Google Analytics Guide: A deep look into the tools and benefits of using GA

Google analytics
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Google Analytics is known for its ability to track website visits and the behaviour of the audience on a given website periodically. It has evolved a lot since its launch in 2005.

It should interest you to know the importance of using Google Analytics (GA) and how it plays an important role to enhance your business performance or your website.

When you think of it critically, this tool collects a massive amount of data which is then processed to understand the behaviour of your website audience and improve their user experience.

It also plays a very important role in your advertising campaigns through the analytics tracking code.

The best part of it all is that analytics is owned by Google. It has always been free and hopefuly it will be for a long time to come

So let’s take a look at what really makes GA so powerful and unique as a business tool.

What is Google Analytics? (GA)

Google Analytics is a web analytics service offered by Google that tracks and reports website traffic, currently as a platform inside the Google Marketing Platform brand. Google launched the service in November 2005 after acquiring Urchin. (Source: Wikipedia).

To marketers and business owners that want a complete web analytical tool for their website, advertising performance reports or generally gathering intelligence on their audience, GA is a necessity.

You just have to use it every day in order to get informative and outstanding reports on your website audience.

Given its importance, there is one important question I will like to answer before moving on which is “Is Google analytics free?

Is Google analytics free?

Google Analytics is free. However, analytics 360 which is another version of google analytics is not completely free.

Analytics 360 is for bigger brands that need to share data across multiple employees and implement more complex analytical tasks.

If you are a small business or medium-sized business, the free google analytics is sufficient as it got all you need to collect all the necessary data for further data processing.

Other tools you will get in Analytics 360

In summary, the free version of GA should be enough for most webmasters.

Google Analytics dashboard

Let’s take a look at what you will find on the dashboard of analytics and how to navigate through it.

The traditional analytics dashboard contains the audience overview, acquisition behaviour overview.

Let’s look at what you can find in each of them.

Audience overview

In this section of GA, you will find all the data about your audience. Here you will find the number and percentages of your new and returning visitors, sessions and number of sessions per user.

Data on their GEOs such country, language and their devices used in accessing your website is displayed in the audience dashboard.

Google analytics audience overview

Acquisition overview

Here you get data on your acquisition audience which shows who is converting, and which source they are coming from as well as their bounce rate, pages/sessions, and a percentage of those new and old audiences who are converting or making purchases.

You will be able to view your audience data based on their continent, regions, channel, bounce rate, Goal completion and average time on the page. All this data is designed to equip you with the knowledge on what to focus on the most.

Google analytics acquisition overview

Behaviour overview

Here you have the stats on your audience behaviour such as page views, unique page views, average time on page, as shown on the first left section below.

Stats on bounce rate, Exit percentage, pages/sessions are all shown here. Then you have stats on specific pages which bring you the most traffic on and the percentage of the traffic from each page, The percentage of new and old users based on pages and page groups based on popularity.

Apart from that, data on what user search on your website, even category breakdown, and the performance of your website over a period of time is as well shown.

Google analytics behaviour overview

Google Analytics setup

Now that you have a clear understanding of what to expect with the main dashboard of analytics, you can agree with me that it’s actually a lot of valuable information to get here.

So here let’s take a look at how to set up Google Analytics on your website to start collecting data.

This can be easily done in few steps and here is it.

Setting up analytics is easy and fast, if you already have a Google account, you can easily use it to create your analytics account. If you don’t have one yet, you can an create account.

Once you are on the Google analytics signup page, you will see the “Start using Google Analytics” and click on Sign up.

Once you sign up and log in, navigate to admin to start the setup process. here you are required to enter your analytics account name, for example, It can be your site name “Mysite”.

Setup Google analytics account

Next stage you are required to enter the property name under the property set. You can also choose your reporting time zone and currency here and click on “next”.

Analytics property setup

The third stage is to fill in your business information. Analytics need to know more about the size of your business and what is more important for your business to measure.

Analytics setup business information

Fill in the details and and then click on create as shown below.

Analytics create account

Once you click on “create”, you will be taken to the last stage where you will need to accept the Google Analytics terms of service agreement.

Agreement and user terms analytics

One you have accepted the terms and agreement. You will be taken to the next page where you will start setting up data stream to start collecting data.

Basically from here, you will need to proceed to creating “Tracking ID” and adding the tags to your website to start collecting data.

Google Analytics tracking ID

Analytics tracking ID and the Tracking code can be set in various ways depending your site and other third-party tools like Google tag manager

The tracking ID is used by third-party add-ons, plugins to enable the linkages between analytics and the connection website.

This is mostly used in WordPress and other tools designs to integrate GA.

Setting up Analytics Tracking Code

The analytics tracking code is used to link your website and GA for data collection. It’s this code that makes it possible for the data to be collected from your website. It is necessary to add the analytics code in the header section of your website to enable effective data collection.

In the image below, you will see the analytics code is integrated through Google tag manager in the header section of the website. This is how you must add the code for it to effectively track the events on your website.

Google analytics integration through tag manager

Google Analytics on WordPress

Installing or integrating analytics in WordPress is simple and can be done in several ways.

The first method is to add the analytics code in the header section of your index file or your home page.

Another method is to add the code using a plugin called the “Header and Footer”. If you already have the plugin, all you need is to include the analytics code in the header section of the plugin and save the changes.

Once that’s done, you will have to wait for few days for the data to start showing in your wordpress dashboard and your analytics dashboard.

How to Add Google Analytics to WordPress Without a Plugin

Using Analytics to improve website performance

The idea behind analytics is generally to present you with the insight that will help you improve your website performance and business overall.

It presents you with all the relevant information such as;

  • Your traffic sources,
  • Which pages are bringing you the most traffic,
  • How fast your pages load,
  • The bounce rate on all your pages,
  • Which devices your audience is using to access your websites,
  • Which GEOs your audience is accessing your site,
  • Session duration,
  • Live traffic data and many more,
  • Acquisition data etc.

All these insights help you make more informed decisions on improving your SEO to boost your traffic. With these data, you will figure out what is wrong with your website and figure out how to fix it to improve your site performance.

Also, based on what is already working for your website, you may decide to double on it to even get more better results or gain more traffic.

This works very especially when you are running ad campaigns and decide to create goals or smart goals to see which ads are converting more so you can increase your efforts and increase your advertising ROI.

Smart Goals

When we talk of smart goals in analytics, we simply mean tracking events conversions which is very useful to help you understand which audience is converting more.

Not only for advertising but generally everyone that converts through any of your traffic sources is tracked using smart goals.

Basically smart goals are completed events and they help ad networks for example understand which audience are converting the most to help improve your Google Advertising campaigns using machine learning.

It is not a must to set up smart goals but it is crucial when you are running online advertising campaigns.

Another way to get your analytics setup is with Tag manager and here is the process

Set up analytics tag with Google Tag manager

Now you’ll learn how to set up specific Google Analytics tracking tags for your website.

Go to your Google Tag Manager dashboard and click on the Add a new tag button.

Google Tag Manager add new tag

You will be taken to a page where you can create your new website tag.

On it, you’ll see that you can customize two areas of your tag:

  • Configuration. Where the data collected by the tag will go.
  • Triggering. What type of data you want to collect.
Configuration and triggering info on Google Tag Manager

Click on the Tag Configuration button to choose the type of tag you want to create.

You’ll want to choose the “Universal Analytics” option in order to create a tag for Google Analytics.

Tag Configuration button Universal Analytics

Once you click on that, you’ll be able to choose the type of data you want to track. Do that and then go to “Google Analytics Setting” and choose “New Variable…” from the dropdown menu.

Google Analytics Setting New Variable

You’ll then be taken to a new window where you’ll be able to enter in your Google Analytics tracking ID. This will send your website’s data straight into Google Analytics where you’ll be able to see it later.

Enter Google Analytics Tracking ID

Once this is done, head to the “Triggering” section in order to select the data you want to send to Google Analytics.

As with the “Configuration,” click on the Triggering button in order to be sent to the “Choose a trigger” page. From here, click on All pages so it sends data from all your web pages.

Choose trigger to select data to send to Google Analytics

When all is said and done, your new tag set up should look something like this:

Google Analytics tag final page

Now simply click on Save and voila! You have a new Google Tag tracking and sending data to your Google Analytics page about your website!

We’re not done yet, though. You still need to set up your goals — which brings us to…

Conclution

It is vital to have Google Analytics set up for your website right from the beginning so you won’t miss any valuable data that would be part of your traffic optimization process.

GA is a pretty useful tool looking at all it offers for all webmasters. It’s simply impossible to do without when it comes to online business website optimization.

Get it set up today for your benefit if you have not yet done that. It’s free and easy to use.

Eugene Agoh

Eugene Agoh

Co-founder at AdsTargets | Online advertising expert | Search engine optimisation expert | Social media marketing expert. Eugene is a Passionate writer on topics relating to online advertising, branding and generally interested in creating digital marketing content. He is curious about the future of digital advertising. Follow Eugene on LinkedIn @ eugeneagoh

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